Our ESC history

Yugoslavia was and remains the first and only socialist country that was part of European Broadcasting Union. In post-war Europe, at the time when the division between East and West, communism and capitalism was on a severe rise, Yugoslavia marked its first participation in the ESC in 1961. It took part uninterruptedly until 1977, when due to a series of poor results it withdrew, only to return in 1981.

After a new method selecting its representative at the "Jugovizija" song festival was introduced, Yugoslavia competed throughout the 80's (with the exception of 1985. when it withdrew because the date of the contest coincided with the date of Tito's death - May 4th), until the dissolution of the federation in 1992, when it marked its last participation in a reduced form (without the Croatian and Slovenian television).

In that period, performers representing TV Zagreb had most success. In fact, Zagreb television nominees were selected as Yugoslav representatives for ESC ten times, also achieving the best results, including the victory of "Riva" in 1989 in Lausanne. It was the only victory for Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest.

Representatives of TV Ljubljana were selected six times, representatives of TV Sarajevo five times, TV Belgrade nominees three times and TV Titograd twice as representatives of Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest. The highest result was achieved by the Croatian singer Daniel representing TV Titograd, scoring a fourth place in 1983 in Munich with his song Julie. Only Macedonia, as a Yugoslav federation republic, never had a representative in the European contest.

A special mention certainly goes to Ljiljana Petrović the first representative of Yugoslavia, and a previously unknown singer Novi Sad. At the time of the national song contest Ljiljana was in Ljubljana, where she was recording her debut album. Having heard young Ljiljana, the Slovenian composer Jože Privšek offered her his song "Neke davne zvezde" (Some ancient stars). She accepted, and triumphed at the national festival. Interestingly, the lyrics for that song were written by the famous poet Miroslav Mika Antić. Appearing at the 1961 ESC held in Cannes, Liljana scored an eighth place.

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, each of the former republics turned independent states had the possibility to continue competing in the Eurovision Song Contest. Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia managed to do so the following year - in 1993, sending their representatives to Millstreet, Ireland.

In 1996, FYR of Macedonia made its first attempt of appearing on the European musical scene, although without success. In fact, it had to wait for its debut until 1998..

On the other hand, because of international sanctions and the exclusion from the United Nations and the Council of Europe, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later State union of Serbia and Montenegro) was denied the possibility of applying for membership in the European Broadcasting Union.

Only after political changes, the fall of the Milošević regime and the rise to power of pro-European forces, the process of rejoining the United Nations and the Council of Europe was initiated - this also being a prerequisite for EBU membership.

Only after 2002, FR Yugoslavia (later State Union of Serbia and Montenegro) became actively involved in the process of admission to the EBU and finally in 2004 - under a different name and in a completely different competition format, appeared at the ESC in Istanbul.

"Lane moje" (My Sweetheart) was very successful in the semifinals and then scored an outstanding 2nd place in the Eurosong Grand Finale.

In 2005 the SU of Serbia and Montenegro was represented by the Podgorica band "No Name" - scoring a 7th place in Kiev with their song "Zauvijek moja" (Forever mine).

The national competiton for the representative of SU of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006 was marked by a scandal fueled by heated emotions in the two republics due to the initiative of the Montenegrin authorities to hold a referendum on independence. Accusations and insults voiced by both television centers, the biased voting of the Montenegrin members of the jury, the booing and the protest of the live audience that walked out from the Sava Center Hall in the national finals, resulted in SU of Serbia and Montenegro withdrawing from the competition in Athens.

Still, a year later, in 2007, Serbia and Montenegro - now two independent states - appeared at the ESC in Helsinki. What happened there on May 12th, still represents one of the happiest moments for Serbia and its citizens in recent history... Marija Šerifović's "Molitva" (Prayer) triumphed...

Year

Performer

Song Title

TV Center

Placement

1961

Ljiljana Petrović

Neke davne zvezde

Ljubljana

8

1962

Lola Novaković

Ne pali svetla u sumrak

Ljubljana

4

1963

Vice Vukov

Brodovi

Zagreb

11

1964

Sabahudin Kurt

Život je sklopio krug

Sarajevo

13

1965

Vice Vukov

Čežnja

Sarajevo

12

1966

Berta Ambrož

Brez Besed

Ljubljana

7

1967

Lado Leskovar

Vse rože sveta

Ljubljana

8

1968

Dubrovački trubaduri

Jedan dan

Zagreb

7

1969

Ivan & 3M

Pozdrav svijetu

Zagreb

13

1970

Eva Sršen

Pridi, dala ti bom cvet

Ljubljana

11

1971

Krunoslav Slabinac

Tvoj diječak je tužan

Zagreb

14

1972

Tereza Kesovija

Muzika i ti

Zagreb

9

1973

Zdravko Čolić

Gori vatra

Sarajevo

15

1974

Korni grupa

Moja generacija

Belgrade

12

1975

Pepel in kri

Dan ljubezni

Ljubljana

13

1976

Ambasadori

Ne mogu skriti svoju bol

Sarajevo

17

1981

Sead Memić-Vajta

Lejla

Sarajevo

15

1982

Aska

Halo, halo

Belgrade

14

1983

Danijel

Džuli

Titograd

4

1984

Izolda i Vlado

Ćao Amore

Titograd

18

1986

Doris Dragović

Željo moja

Zagreb

11

1987

Novi fosili

Ja sam za ples

Zagreb

4

1988

Srebrna krila

Mangup

Zagreb

6

1989

Riva

Rock me

Zagreb

1

1990

Tajči

Hajde da ludujemo

Zagreb

7

1991

Baby Doll

Brazil

Belgrade

21

1992

Extra Nena

Ljubim te pesmama

Belgrade

13

2004

Željko Joksimović

Lane moje

RTS

1 (sf), 2 (f)

2005

No Name

Zauvijek moja

RTCG

7 (f)

2007

Marija Šerifović

Molitva

RTS

1 (sf), 1 (f)

2008

Jelena Tomašević

Oro

RTS

6 (f)

2009

Marko Kon

Cipela

RTS

10 (sf) *

2010

Milan Stanković

Ovo je Balkan

RTS

5 (sf), 13 (f)

2011

Nina

Čaroban

RTS

8 (sf), 14 (f)

2012

Željko Joksimović

Nije ljubav stvar

RTS

2 (sf), 3 (f)

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